In the precision manufacturing industry, die casting machines are critical equipment used for mass production of metal parts. However, due to frequent use and various influencing factors, die casting machines may experience a range of malfunctions that affect production efficiency and product quality. This guide aims to provide operators and maintenance engineers with a comprehensive resource detailing common faults in die casting machines and their troubleshooting methods, enabling rapid response to issues and maintaining smooth production line operations.

1、Brief Overview of Die Casting Machine Operation

Before delving into the specifics of faults and solutions, it is essential to understand the working principle of die casting machines. They produce metal components by injecting molten metal under high pressure into precisely manufactured mold cavities and removing the formed products after solidification. The process includes melting, dosing, injection, curing, and ejection steps.

2、Common Die Casting Machine Faults and Solutions


Fault 1: Unstable Injection Speed

Solution: Check if the hydraulic system is stable, adjust the flow control valve of the hydraulic pump; inspect and replace damaged seals to ensure there are no leaks; calibrate the injection parameters.

Fault 2: Gas Holes or Inclusions in the Finished Product

Solution: Inspect and adjust the melting furnace temperature to ensure the metal is fully melted; clean the nozzle and mold channels to ensure they are free from impurities; optimize the exhaust system design to improve gas discharge efficiency.

Fault 3: Mold Jamming

Solution: Verify correct mold installation; reduce injection force or pressure; clean and lubricate the sliding parts of the mold; perform regular mold maintenance and inspections.

Fault 4: Unstable System Pressure

Solution: Check for oil leaks and promptly replace any damaged pipes or connectors; examine the hydraulic oil for contamination or deficiency, and replace or replenish as needed; check if pressure valves and pressure sensors are functioning correctly.

Fault 5: Control System Malfunction

Solution: Check the electrical control system for disconnections or short circuits; update or reconfigure program parameters; replace damaged electrical components; regularly maintain and test the control system.

3、Preventive Measures and Routine Maintenance

To minimize the occurrence of faults in die casting machines, it is crucial to implement effective preventive measures and carry out routine maintenance plans. This includes regularly checking the working status of machine components, keeping the hydraulic system clean and stable, properly lubricating and maintaining molds, and ensuring that operators follow the correct procedures.


Through a detailed analysis of common faults in die casting machines and their solutions, we can see that although some problems may be inevitable, they can be significantly mitigated through standardized maintenance and prompt response measures, greatly reducing downtime and production losses. Moreover, continuous education and training are vital for enhancing the skills of operators and maintenance teams.



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