Die casting process is a commonly used metal processing method, which is suitable for producing metal parts of various complex shapes and precise dimensions. In the die casting process, commonly used metal alloys include aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys, zinc alloys, copper alloys, and iron alloys. Below I will describe these metal alloys in detail.
Aluminum alloy is one of the most commonly used die casting materials. It has low density, good plasticity and processability, good corrosion resistance, and easy recycling. Common aluminum alloys include ADC12, A380, A413, etc. Aluminum alloys can be used to make a variety of parts, including automotive parts, electronic device housings, aerospace parts, and more.
Magnesium alloys have good strength and rigidity, as well as excellent corrosion resistance. It has a lower density and is a lightweight metallic material suitable for parts with lower weight requirements. Common magnesium alloys are AZ91D, AM60B and so on. Die-cast magnesium alloy parts are widely used in automotive, aerospace, electronics and other fields.
Zinc alloy has good fluidity and corrosion resistance, and good formability. It has low density, relatively low cost, and high thermal conductivity. Common zinc alloys are Zamak 3, Zamak 5, etc. Zinc alloy die-casting parts are widely used in furniture, construction, electrical appliances and other fields.
Copper alloy has excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, high strength and toughness, and good corrosion resistance. Common copper alloys include Copper-Beryllium alloy and Copper-Nickel alloy. Copper alloy die-casting parts are widely used in electronic communications, aerospace, shipbuilding and other fields.
Ferroalloys have high strength and hardness, and are widely used in industrial fields such as automobiles and machinery. Common iron alloys are ductile iron, iron-based stainless steel, etc. Ferroalloy die-casting parts have high wear resistance, corrosion resistance and high temperature resistance.
In addition to the above-mentioned commonly used metal alloys, the die-casting process can also use other metal materials for processing, such as titanium alloys, nickel alloys, etc. These materials are mostly used in high-end fields, such as aerospace, medical equipment, etc.
To sum up, metal alloys commonly used in the die casting process include aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys, zinc alloys, copper alloys and iron alloys. These metal alloys have different properties and fields of application and are suitable for the manufacture of various parts and products. The die casting process has a wide range of applications and provides efficient and precise production methods for various industries.